African Journal of Agricultural Economics and Rural Development ISSN: 2375-0693 Vol. 10 (1), pp. 001-010, January, 2022. © International Scholars Journals
Full Length Research Paper
Market Participation Decision among Smallholder Maize Farmers in Southern Guinea Savannah of Oyo State, Nigeria
Oluwayemisi Abidemi SALUFU1, Kabir Kayode SALMAN2 and Mutiat Bukola SALAWU2
1Department of Agricultural Economics, University of Ibadan, Nigeria.
2Federal College of Animal Health and Production Technology, Ibadan Nigeria.
Accepted 05 December, 2021
Market participation of smallholder farmers has been a very serious issue in Nigeria, notwithstanding its positive benefits among smallholders’ producers towards reducing poverty. This study analyses the market participation decision by maize farmers in southern guinea savannah of Oyo State, Nigeria. Multistage random sampling technique was employed to sample a total of two hundred (200) maize farmers from the southern guinea savannah of Oyo state using a well-structured questionnaire. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, household commercialization index, ordinary least squares regression and tobit regression model. Result showed that 58% of the farmers participated in the market with a high commercialization index of 81% (0.81) in the study area. About 56% of the farmers were high commercial farmers, 4.5% were medium and 40.5% were low commercial maize farmers. 85% of the market participants were male headed households and majority of the farmers were educated. Tobit regression result revealed that marital status, annual gross farm income, gender amongst others determines farmers’ market participation. OLS result also indicated that the intensity of market participation was positively influenced by the quantity of production, contact with extension agents. The government and other policy makers should increase the marketing knowledge and skill of maize farmers through avenues like extension service, farmers’ organization and other means of capacity building.
Keywords: Maize marketing; participation decision; smallholder farmers; commercialization.