African Journal of Agricultural Economics and Rural Development ISSN 2375-0693 Vol. 9 (2), pp. 001-004, February, 2021. © International Scholars Journals
Full Length Research Paper
A study of response of Cumin (Cuminum cyminum L.) Landraces to drought stress
Leili Motamedi-Mirhosseini1, Ghasem Mohammadi-Nejad2, Alireza Bahraminejad3, Pooran Golkar4* and Zahra Mohammadinejad5
1Department of Agronomy and Plant Breeding, College of Agriculture, Islamic Azad University - Jiroft branch,Jiroft-Iran.
2Horticultural Research Institute, Shahid Bahonar University of Kerman, Kerman P.O.B. 76169-133, Iran.
3Crop Science Department, Agricultural Faculty, University Putra Malaysia, P.O. B. 43400 UPM, Serdang, Selangor Darul Ehsan, Malaysia.
4Department of Agronomy and Plant Breeding, College of Agriculture, Shahid Bahonar University of Kerman, Kerman, P.O. B. 76169-133, Iran.
5Plant Breeding, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran.
Accepted 4 October, 2020
Cumin (CUMINUM CYMINUM L.) is a herbaceous and medicinal crop which is one of the most important export crops for countries such as Iran. This study was conducted to study the effects of drought stress on agronomic traits in cumin landraces of Iran. This experiment was conducted in simple lattice design, with two replications in drought stress and non-stress conditions. Nine land races (49 sub landraces) from different origins of Iran were studies in this experiment. The characteristics such as number of umbels per plant, number of seed per umbels, number of seeds per plant, dry matter weight, 1000- seed weight and seed yield were evaluated. The results showed that drought stress significantly influenced some studied traits. There were significant differences among land races for number of seeds per plant and seed yield (P<0.05). The landraces of Yazd, Southern-Khorasan and Pars had the highest seed yield among evaluated landraces. Also these cumin landraces could be proposed for cultivation in arid regions with hot climate. It seems that in drought stress condition number of seeds per plant was the greatest factor that is affected by drought stress. This result could be proposed that cumin is a drought tolerance crop.
Key words: Cumin, drought stress, seed, yield.