International Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology

International Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology ISSN 2326-7267 Vol. 10 (1), pp. 001-005, January, 2021. © International Scholars Journals

Full Length Research Paper

Effect of tetrandrine on the expressions of hypoxia-inducible factor-1  and vascular endothelial growth factor in neovascularized cornea

Guangli Sun1, Gang Su2*, Yu Zu1, Mingchang Zhang1 and Qianqian Shi1

1Department of Ophthalmology, The First Affiliated Hospital, Zhengzhou University, Zhengzhou 450052, China.

2The First Affiliated Hospital, Zhengzhou University, Zhengzhou 450052, China.

Accepted 11 October, 2020

Abstract

This study investigated the effect of tetrandrine on the expressions of hypoxia inducible factor1 (HIF1 ) and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) in neovascularized cornea of rats following alkaline burn. A rat model corneal neovascularization (CNV) was established by alkaline burn. The expressions of HIF1 and VEGF before and after tetrandrine treatment were detected by immunohistochemistry and reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (RT- PCR) and slit-lamp biomicroscopy and photography were done to observe the neovascularization. Result showed the expressions of HIF1 and VEGF in the normal cornea were very weak or even absent. Following alkaline burn, the expressions of HIF1 and VEGF were markedly increased and mainly located in the neovascularized area and in the epithelial layer. After treatment with Tetrandrine, the density of neovascularization was significantly decreased, accompanied by remarkably decreased expressions of HIF1 and VEGF in the neovascularized corneal stroma. It is concluded that tetrandrine can effectively inhibit the neovascularization following alkaline burn in rats and reduce the expressions of HIF1 and VEGF in neovascularized cornea of rats following alkaline burn.

Key words: Tetrandrine, corneal neovascularization, hypoxia inducible factor-1 , vascular endothelial growth factor.