International Journal of Medical Sociology and Anthropology

International Journal of Medical Sociology and Anthropology Vol. 10 (3), pp. 001-005, March, 2020. © International Scholars Journals

Full Length Research Paper

Incidence of Urinary Tract Infections (UTIs) among pregnant women in Akwa metropolis, Southeastern Nigeria

C. H. Obiogbolu1, I. O. Okonko2*, C. O. Anyamere 3, A. O. Adedeji4, A. O. Akanbi 5, A. A. Ogun6, J. Ejembi7 and T. O. C. Faleye2

1Department of Botany and Microbiology, University of Ibadan, Ibadan, Nigeria.

2Department of Virology, Faculty of Basic Medical Sciences, University of Ibadan College of Medicine, University of Ibadan, University College Hospital (UCH) Ibadan, Nigeria.

3Department of Applied Microbiology and Brewing, Nnamdi Azikwe University, Akwa, Nigeria.

4Department of Epidemiology, Medical Statistics and Environmental Health, Faculty of Public Health, College of Medicine, University of Ibadan, Ibadan, Nigeria.

5Department of Medical Microbiology, Faculty of Basic Medical Sciences, School of Health Sciences, Ladoke Akintola University of Technology, Ogbomoso, Oyo State, Nigeria.

6Department of Epidemiology, Medical Statistics and Environmental Health, Faculty of Public Health, College of Medicine, University of Ibadan, Ibadan, Nigeria.

7Department of Clinical Microbiology, Ahmadu Bello University Teaching Hospital (ABUTH), Zaria, Kaduna State, Nigeria.

Accepted 21 November, 2019

Abstract

This study reports the bacteriological aetiology and incidence of Urinary Tract Infections (UTIs) among pregnant women attending antenatal clinics at hospitals in Akwa metropolis, Southeastern Nigeria. A total of 100 mid-stream urine samples were collected and cultured for the presence of bacterial pathogens, 54 showed significant bacterial growth while 46 showed no significant bacterial growth. Bacterial agents were isolated from 54 pregnant women and were identified as: Escherichia coli; Klebsiella spp., Proteus mirabilis, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Staphylococcus aureus and Staphylococcus epidermidis. Escherichia coli [20(37%)] was the commonest offending bacterial pathogen isolated. Other bacterial pathogens incriminated in this study were Klebsiella spp. [11(20.4%)], Proteus mirabilis [9(16.7%)], Pseudomonas aeruginosa [7(13%)], Staphylococcus aureus [4(7.4%)] and Staphylococcus epidermidis [3(5.6%)]. The study indicated a high incidence of UTIs (54%) though most of the pregnant women showed no clinical manifestation.

Key words: Bacteria, pathogens, antibiotics sensitivity, resistance, urine, urinary tract infection.