International Journal of Histology and Cytology

International Journal of Histology and Cytology ISSN 2447-9535 Vol. 6 (1), pp. 001-005, January, 2019. © International Scholars Journals

Review

Potentials of ultrasound in the assessment of appearances and immunopathological reactions that are caused by parasitic infestations

A. C. Ugwu1, C. C. Ohagwu2, A. C. Anakwue3 and O. F. Erondu4

1Radiography Department, Nnamdi Azikiwe University Nnewi Campus, Anambra State, Nigeria.

2Department of Medical Radiography, University of Maiduguri, Borno State, Nigeria.

3Department of Medical Radiography, University of Nigeria, Enugu campus, Nigeria.

4Department of Physics, Rivers State University of Science and Technology, Nigeria.

Accepted 19 October, 2018

Abstract

This paper is intended to improve the knowledge of sonographers and clinicians on the potentials of ultrasound in the assessment of appearances and immunopathological reactions that are caused by parasitic infestations. Sonograpic appearances in and of Schistosoma haematobium, Ascaris lumbricoides, Colon taeniasis, Cysticercus cellulosae, Dracunculus medinesis and Echinococcus granulosus infestation were reviewed. Pertinent sonographic features were pointed out. Ultrasonography plays an important role in establishing the diagnoses of S. haematobium, A. lumbricoides, C. taeniasis and C. cellulosae infestation. Ultrasonography is used in visualizing calcified D. medinesis in muscles and evaluation of echinococcal infestations. The use of ultrasonography in evaluation of some parasitic infestation benefits from an understanding of multiple sonographic appearances (echinococcosis) and the immunological changes associated with the death of parasites in the muscle (cysticercosis)

Key words: Parasitosonography, Schistosoma haematobium, Ascaris lumbricoides, Colon taeniasis, Cysticercus cellulosae, Dracunculus medinesis, Echinococcus granulosus.