International Journal of Biochemistry and Biotechnology

International Journal of Biochemistry and Biotechnology ISSN 2169-3048 Vol. 12 (3), pp. 001-007, March, 2023. © International Scholars Journals

Full Length Research Paper

Enhancing Mushroom Yield through Compost Supplementation with Locally Available Peats and Secondary Casing Materials

Hakan Simsek1*, Ergun Baysal1, Mehmet Colak1, Hilmi Toker1, and Ferah Yilmaz2

1Mugla University, Faculty of Technical Education, Kotekli, 48000, Mugla, Turkey.

2Mugla University, Mushroom Research Center, Kotekli, 48000, Mugla, Turkey.

Accepted 5 November, 2022

Abstract

The study was conducted to investigate yields of mushroom (Agaricus bisporus) on wheat straw and waste tea leaves based composts. Mixtures (50:50, v/v) of some locally available peats including peat of Bolu (PB), peat of Agacbasi (PA), peat of Caykara (PC) and their mixture (80:20; v/v) with which piece of mosaic and sand were used. Also, some activator materials such as wheat bran, wheat chaff, chicken manure, pigeon manure, and poplar leaves were used for A. bisporus cultivation. The results on wheat straw based composts provided the highest mushroom yield (23.01%) that was obtained on wheat straw and pigeon manure based compost using a mixture of PA with PC (50+50; v/v) as casing material. For waste tea leaves based composts, the highest mushroom yield (24.90%) were recorded on wheat straw and pigeon manure based compost using a mixture of PC with sand (80+20; v/v) as casing material.

Key words: Mushroom, waste tea leaves, wheat straw, activator materials, casing materials, yield.