International Journal of Agricultural Extension and Rural Development

International Journal of Agricultural Extension and Rural Development ISSN 2756-3642 Vol. 8 (9), pp. 001-007, September, 2020. © International Scholars Journals

Full Length Research Paper

Fruit yield of virus-resistant transgenic summer squash in simulated commercial plantings under conditions of high disease pressure

Ferdinand E. Klas1,2*, Marc Fuchs1 and Dennis Gonsalves1,3

1Department of Plant Pathology and Plant-Microbe Biology, Cornell University, New York State Agricultural Experiment Station, Geneva, NY, 14456, USA.

3Anton de Kom University van Suriname Faculteit der Technologische Wetenschappen, Universiteitscomplex Leysweg, Building XVII, P. O. Box 12292, Paramaribo Suriname, USA.

3USDA-ARS, Pacific Basin Agricultural Research Center, 64 Nowelo Street, Hilo, HA 96720, USA.

Accepted 13 April, 2020

Abstract

Fruit yield of transgenic crookneck summer squash ZW-20 resistant to Zucchini yellow mosaic virus (ZYMV) and Watermelon mosaic virus (WMV) and of a susceptible nontransgenic lineage of the same genotype was compared over two consecutive years. Field trials relied on small-scale plantings that reflected commercial settings under conditions of severe disease pressure by ZYMV and WMV with infection achieved via aphid-mediated inoculation from virus source border plants. Across all trials, all transgenic plants were highly resistant to ZYMV and WMV, and the majority (79%, 331 of 421) produced 3 to 9 fruits per plant. In contrast, all control plants had severe systemic symptoms and the majority (80%, 336 of 421) produced 0 to 4 fruits per plant. In addition, all fruits of transgenic squash ZW-20H and ZW-20B were of marketable quality whereas most fruits of nontransgenic controls (96%, 947 of 989) were unmarketable. Differences in fruit number (P = 0.0001) and fruit weight (P = 0.0001) between transgenic and conventional squash plants were significant but not between ZW-20H and ZW-20B plants (P = 0.933 and P = 0.964, respectively). This is the first report on a comparative analysis of fruit yield of transgenic versus conventional summer squash under conditions approaching commercial plantings in which high infection rates of ZYMV and WMV were achieved via indigenous aphid populations.

Key words: Fruit yield, transgenic, high disease pressure, summer squash, virus-resistant