International Journal of Agricultural Economics and Extension
International Journal of Agricultural Economics and Extension ISSN 2329-9797 Vol. 10 (7), pp. 001-004, July, 2022. © International Scholars Journals
Full Length Research Paper
The effect of gibberellins on russeting in golden delicious apples
F. Nejatzadeh Barandoozi1* and A. Talaie2
1Department of agricultural engineering, Islamic Azad University of Khoy, Iran.
2Department of agricultural engineering, Islamic Azad University of Tehran, Iran.
Accepted 12 June, 2021
Russet on apples, Malus domestica Borkh and other fruits results in lowered fruit quality and substantial economic losses to growers. In this study we investigated the effect of GA3 and GA4+7 on russeting. Russeting index of fruits were estimated at harvest. Apple trees, twenty years old Golden Delicious was sprayed with GA3 at the concentrations10-20 mgL-1 and GA4+7 at 5-10 mgL-1 during petal-fall at 7-10 days 3 time again. All applied concentration of GA3 and GA4+7 reduced russeting in Golden Delicious cultivar significantly and significant difference was found between GA3 and GA4+7 actions. The application of GA3 or GA4+7 caused fruits to shift to elongated shape due to increase of L/D ratio. The application of GA3 or GA4+7 caused to increase the weight of Golden Delicious fruit significantly. When GA3 or GA4+7 were separately sprayed on Golden Delicious, it resulted in considerable decrease in russeting neither return bloom nor were fruit set influenced by treatment.
Key words: Apple russeting, golden delicious, gibberellins, GA3 and GA4+7.
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