International Journal of Agricultural Economics and Extension

International Journal of Agricultural Economics and Extension ISSN 2329-9797 Vol. 10 (4), pp. 001-004, April, 2022. © International Scholars Journals

Full Length Research Paper

Identification and chemical properties of popular wild edible mushrooms from northern Iran

Jamalali Olfati*, Gholamali Peyvast and Yaqvob Mami

Guilan University - Rasht – Islamic Republic of Iran.

Accepted 23 April, 2021

Abstract

The sponge mushroom (morels), chanterelles, oyster mushroom, Macrolepiota procera, Amanita caesarea and Russula paludosa are the main edible wild mushrooms in northern Iran. Little is known about commercial potential of these mushrooms in this area. In this research we found 3 genuses of morels including Morchella esculenta, Morchella delisiosa and Morchella crassipes. Pleurotus ostreatus grows in all season in mountain regions. The nutritive value of edible wild mushrooms ( Cantharellus cibarius, pleurotus osteriatus, M. procera, A. caesarea and R. paludosa) was determined. The highest mineral contents, dry matter and ash were measured as 8.5, 31.7, 1.4, 1.4, 1.8 mg/kg (dry weight basis), 14 and 2% for P, K, Na, Ca, Mg, dry matter and ash in young M. procera cap, mature Amanita caesarea cap, mature A. caesarea stalk and mature M. procera stalk respectively.

Key words: Wild edible mushroom, chemical properties, Guilan province.