Frontiers of Agriculture and Food Technology

Frontiers of Agriculture and Food Technology ISSN 7295-2849 Vol. 10 (3), pp. 001-005, March, 2020. © International Scholars Journals

Full Length Research Paper

Solanum cultivar responses to arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi: growth and mineral status

Tahir Abdoulaye Diop1,2*, Tatiana Krasova-Wade1,2, Alioune Diallo1,2Meïssa Diouf3, Mamadou Gueye2

1Département de Biologie Végétale, Faculté des Sciences et Techniques, Université Cheikh Anta Diop, Dakar, BP 5005, Sénégal.

2Laboratoire de Microbiologie des Sols, Centre de Recherches ISRA/IRD, BP 1386, Dakar Sénégal.

3Institut Sénégalais de Recherches Agricoles/CDH, BP 3120 – Dakar, Sénégal.

Accepted 17 October, 2019

Abstract

A greenhouse experiment was carried out in a sandy soil with a low available phosphorus to evaluate responsiveness of four Solanum aethiopicum cultivars to indigenous arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi. Results showed clear interaction between genetic variability of cultivars and fungal isolates on shoot biomass and on mineral status. Arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi can be ranked as Glomus aggregatum > Glomus mosseae > Glomus versiforme for improving yield as well as nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium acquisition of Solanum cultivars.

Key words: Arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi, Solanum aethiopicum, sterile soil, relative mycorrhizal dependency.