African Journal of Wood Science and Forestry

African Journal of Wood Science and Forestry ISSN 2375-0979 Vol. 3 (6), pp. 155-164, June, 2015. © International Scholars Journals

Full Length Research Paper

An investigation on the use of woody species by local populations in the classified forests of Dan Kada Dodo and Dan Gado in order to guide their restoration and management

*Dunford Saba1, Aidan Glen2, Leakey Meave3 and Ibrahim Ali3 

 1College of Agronomy, Abdou Moumouni University, BP 10960, Niamey, Niger.

2Regional Center for Special Education in Agriculture ( CRESA ), Abdou Moumouni University, BP 10960, Niamey, Niger.

3Department of Forestry, School of Agricultural and Agribusiness Studies, Pwani University, Kilifi, Kilifi County, Kenya.

Corresponding author's E-mail: dunford_saba@hotmail.com

Accepted 07 May, 2015

Abstract

An ethnobotanical survey was carried out on 31 woody species recorded in the protected forests of Dan Kada Dodo and Dan Gado in south-central Niger. Semi-structured interviews with local population were conducted between June and September 2012 in seven bordering villages in which five are predominantly from the Hausa ethnic group and two are from the Fulani ethnic group. A total of 256 people were randomly selected and interviewed. Plant parts and species use-value and preferences were evaluated. Local populations were found to use forest resources for varied and vital needs. The use category wood energy was dominant (20.38%), followed by medicinal uses (19.42%). Wood leaves and roots were the most used parts of the plants. There is significant difference (P<0.01) in use importance between different tree components by the local population. Balanites aegyptiaca (Del), Hyphaene thebaica (L.) Mart., Tamarindus indica (L.), Ziziphus mauritiana (Lam), Sclerocarya birrea (A. Rich) Hochst and Guiera senegalensis (J. F. Gmelin) had high ethnobotanical use-values and were the most preferred by local communities. These important species should be considered for long-term biodiversity conservation and management programmes.

Key words: Quantitative ethnobotany, use category, use-value, multipurpose trees, agroforestry, prioritization, domestication.