Advanced Journal of Agricultural Research

African Journal of Tropical Agriculture ISSN 2375-091X Vol. 7 (7), pp. 001-013, July, 2019. © International Scholars Journals

Full Length Research Paper

Natural vascular floristic composition of Banaras Hindu University, India: An overview

Arvind Singh

Department of Botany, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi-221 005, India. E-mail: arvindsingh_bhu@yahoo.com. Tel: +91 542 2316310. Fax: + 91 542 2367708.

Accepted 10 March, 2019

Abstract

The naturally occurring vascular flora of the main campus of Banaras Hindu University spreading over an area of 1,300 acres was analyzed. A total of 329 vascular plant species were reported in the campus of which only 5 were Pteridophytes and the remaining 324 species were Angiosperms. No natural occurrence of gymnosperms was reported from the University Campus. Angiosperms were represented by 76 families of which the Asteraceae, Poaceae and Fabaceae are the dominant families of the flora of Banaras Hindu University.

Key words: Angiosperms, floristic composition, herbaceous species, pteridophytes, shrubs, tree species, undershrubs, vascular flora.