African Journal of Parasitology Research

African Journal of Parasitology Research ISSN 2756-3391 Vol. 11 (8), pp. 001-007, August, 2023. © International Scholars Journals

Full Length Research Paper

Prevalence of Soil-Transmitted Helminthiasis in a cohort of HIV infected children in Guediawaye hospital, suburb of Dakar, Senegal

Doudou Sow1*, Safietou Kandé1, Jean Baptiste N Diouf2, Isaac A Manga 3, SouleyeLelo3, Cheikh B Fall 3,Khadime Sylla3, Magatte Ndiaye3, Roger Clément Tine 3, Jean Louis Ndiaye4, Babacar Faye3.

1Service de Parasitologie-Mycologie, UFR des Sciences de la Santé, Université Gaston Berger, BP 234, Saint Louis, Sénégal.2Service de pédiatrie, Hôpital Roi Baudouin de Guédiawaye, Sénégal.

3Service de Parasitologie-Mycologie, Faculté de médecine, Université Cheikh Anta Diop BP 5005, Dakar, Sénégal.

4Service de Parasitologie, UFR des Sciences de la Santé, Université de Thiès, Sénégal.

Received 07 August, 2023; Accepted August 25, 2023; Published 09 September 2023

Abstract

Introduction: Digestive symptoms are common in HIV infection. The intestinal helminthiasis are one of the most common etiologies. However, the interactions between Soil-transmitted helminths and the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) are still poorly understood. The objective of this study is to describe the possible links between these two pathologies. Methodology: This is a descriptive cross-sectional study carried out in the hospital of Guédiawaye from January to June 2018. All the children followed for HIV infections who met the inclusion criteria were included in the study. The stool samples collected were examined using microscopic methods. Statistical analysis and comparison were made using the Chi2 test or the Fisher test. Results: A total of 109 children from the cohort underwent stool microscopy. Of these, 31 were infected with Ascaris lumbricoides, corresponding to an overall prevalence of 28.4%. Other soil-transmitted helminths including whipworm and hookworm, were not found. Children aged 0 to 4years had the highest infestation rate (64.52%). This rate increased with age and was more important in male patients. Conclusion: This study revealed a significant prevalence of soil-transmitted helminths in children living with HIV. Routine deworming should be recommended for HIV infected children in endemic areas. Furthers studies are needed.

Keywords: HIV; Soil-Transmitted helminths; pediatric population; suburb.


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