African Journal of Parasitology Research

African Journal of Parasitology Research ISSN 2756-3391 Vol. 8 (9), pp. 001-004, October, 2021. © International Scholars Journals

Full Length Research Paper

Determination of the prevalence of Entamoeba histolytica in human at a private fertilizer company hospital in Pakistan using microscopic technique

Munazza Ejaz1, Ghulam Murtaza2*, Mahmood Ahmad3, Shujaat Ali Khan3, Izhar Hussain2, Qazi Najam-ul-Saqib2, Muhammad Hassham Hassan Bin Asad2, Amir Wasim4 and Kalssom Farzana5

1Biology Section, Buoyage School, Bahawalpur, Pakistan.

2Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, COMSATS Institute of Information Technology, Abbottabad, Pakistan.

3Department of Pharmacy, Faculty of Pharmacy and Alternative Medicines, The Islamia University of Bahawalpur, Bahawalpur, Pakistan.

4Department of chemistry, COMSATS Institute of Information Technology, Abbottabad, Pakistan.

5Faculty of Pharmacy, Bahauddin Zakariya University, Multan, Pakistan.

Accepted 19 April, 2021

Abstract

Amoebiasis is still a big problem of human civilization at the beginning of 21st century, so every study from this field is valuable. The present study elaborated the prevalence of Entamoeba histolytica in Pakistani human. During the study, 4712 fecal samples of human were studied by using microscope from October 2008 to January 2010 at a private fertilizer company hospital, Engro Fertilizers, Pakistan. Out of 4712 hosts, 52.1% were infected with E. histolytica. The relationship between sex and E. histolytica in human was calculated. According to these results, the infection of E. histolytica was more prevalent (31.5%) in female hosts as compared (19.6%) in male hosts. The relationship between age and E. histolytica in human was also determined. According to these results, E. histolytica had highest prevalence (28.7%) in age group of 1 day - 5 years, 13.9 % in age group of 6 - 15 years and the infection was 12.1% in age group of 16 - 59 years. High prevalence of E. histolytica in females, young ones and older people is due to low immunity, low level of hygiene, poor sanitary conditions and other socio-economical factors.

Key words: Entamoeba histolytica, prevalence, sex, age, microscopic analysis.


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African Journal of Parasitology Research

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