African Journal of Parasitology Research
African Journal of Parasitology Research ISSN 2756-3391 Vol. 8 (1), pp. 001-007, January, 2021. © International Scholars Journals
A case report of an imported cutaneous leishmaniasis in Côte d’Ivoire
N’da Angbeletchi David AKA1, Gonat Serge Pacôme DOU1, Kalou Dibert ZIKA2, Fatoumata COULIBALY3, Mocket Adolphe. EHOUMAN4, Ibrahima KONE5 and Koffi Daho ADOUBRYN2
1University Félix Houphouët-Boigny of Abidjan, 01 BP V34 Abidjan, Cocody.
2Université Alassane Ouattara, BP V18 Bouaké.
3Université Pelero Gon Coulibaly, BP 1328, Korhogo.
4Olopam Pharma and Research & Development, 10 B.P 1274 Abidjan.
5Groupe Médical et de Consulting BOZOUMA, 01 BP 6648 Abidjan.
6Université Alassane Ouattara, BP V18 Bouaké.
Accepted 27 December, 2020
Cutaneous leishmaniasis (CL), parasitic and zoonotic disease, is very little known to health professionals in Côte d'Ivoire. It is caused by the bite of a female sandfly that harbors the genus of Leishmania. The species generally involved in Africa are: Leishmania Infantum Nicolle, 1908, Leishmania major Yakimoff & Schokhor, 1914, Leishmania tropica Wright, 1903 and Leishmania aethiopica Bray, Ashford & Bray, 1973. We report here a case of cutaneous leishmaniasis discovered incidentally, presenting involvement of the lower limbs. The patient, a woman, 41-year-old, a housewife, originated from Burkina Faso, who consulted in a private clinic in 2019 for pruriginous skin lesions under a chronic mode. After examination, the disease was diagnosed by positive direct smear, and slide preparations, after scoriations of the skin lesions were carried out and sent to Algeria’s reference center for species determination. Treatment with Metronidazole 500 mg (1tab x3/day for four weeks) permitted to obtain clinical and biological cure without significant side effects. Practitioners should suspect Cutaneous leishmaniasis in case of chronic wounds in endemic zones. The strengthening of human resources, the improvement of our regional laboratories’ technical platform, the integration of the screening and management of leishmaniasis to the program against Buruli ulcer are urgently needed.
Keywords: Leishmaniasis, Cutaneous leishmaniasis, Leishmania, Côte d’Ivoire, Africa, Phlebotomus, Sandyfly, Neglected Tropical Diseases.
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