African Journal of Philosophy and Religious Studies

African Journal of Philosophy and Religious Studies ISSN 1621-4587 Vol. 5 (3), pp. 001-006, March, 2019. © International Scholars Journals

Review

Pesticide use in agriculture: The philosophy, complexities and opportunities

Kishor Atreya1*, Bishal Kumar Sitaula1 and Roshan Man Bajracharya2

1Department of International Environment and Development Studies (Noragric), Norwegian University of Life Sciences (UMB), Post Box 5003, 1432, Ås, Norway.

2Aquatic Ecology Centre, Kathmandu University, Kathmandu, Nepal.

Accepted 11 January, 2019

Abstract

Exaggerated and incompetent use of chemical pesticides in crop production can have adverse effects on human health, natural ecosystems and social capital. The potential impacts are interconnected and complicated, so the current scientific knowledge base of its understanding seems to be imperfect, and the degree of impacts could be much more; therefore the rationality of pesticide use in agriculture ought to be redefined. The paper highlights how disciplinary sciences professed and interpreted multifaceted impacts of pesticide use over time and it explores the opportunities arising from the complexities of such impacts. The opportunity is explored for Nepal as an example.

Key words: Pesticides, health and environmental impacts, complexities, interconnectedness, interdisciplinary, Nepal.