African Journal of Physics

African Journal of Physics ISSN 9821-5213 Vol. 8 (2), pp. 001-006, February, 2021. © International Scholars Journals

Full Length Research Paper

Energy- angular correlation of medium energy particles produced in heavy Ion collisions

N.M. Hassan, N.M. Sadek, Jamila Elsweedy and M.T. Hussein

Physics Department, Faculty of Science, Cairo University, 12613 Giza, Egypt

Accepted 21 September, 2020


The information carried by the medium energy nucleons (gray particles) emitted in heavy ion collisions is studied. A canonical thermo dynamical model is proposed to deal with the interacting nuclei as nucleon gas system. The predictions of the model are compared with a complete set of measured data for the reactions of proton, helium, carbon and neon nuclei with the nuclear emulsion at 4.2 A GeV. It is found that the angular distribution of the knocked on nucleons is almost independent of the projectile mass. A strong correlation between the energy of the gray particles and their emission angles is found. The gray particles emitted in the forward hemisphere show linear correlation with their average kinetic energy which reflects that these particles are emitted in non-equilibrium states. On the other hand, backward emission shows uniform behavior that represents particle emission in an almost equilibrium state.

Key words: Heavy Ionn Collision, thermodynamic model, energy- angle correlation PACS: 25.70.Pq.