African Journal of Pig Farming

African Journal of Pig Farming ISSN 2375-0731 Vol. 8 (2), pp. 001-007, February, 2020. © International Scholars Journals

Full Length Research Paper

Antibacterial effects of zinc oxide nanoparticles on Escherichia coli K88

Chao Wang, Lian-Long Liu, Ai-Ting Zhang, Peng Xie, Jian-Jun Lu* and Xiao-Ting Zou*

Institute of Feed Science, College of Animal Science, Zhejiang University, Key Laboratory of Molecular Animal Nutrition, Ministry of Education, Hangzhou Zhejiang Province, People’s Republic of China 310058.

Accepted 14 October, 2019

Abstract

This study was conducted to evaluate the antibacterial effects of zinc oxide nanoparticles in vitro. Escherichia coli K88 was chosen as an indicator of pathogenic bacteria, because it could cause diarrhea in both children and in early-weaned piglets. In this study, the characterization of the nanoparticles was examined. Antibacterial activities against E. coli K88 were evaluated by determining the minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) and minimum bactericidal concentration (MBC) and observing the effects on the values of the optical density (OD) at 620 nm and the populations. Results indicate that zinc oxide nanoparticles had strong antibacterial activity against E. coli K88. The activity increased as the concentration of the nanoparticles increased. The MIC and MBC were 0.1 and 0.8 µg/ml, respectively. To study the antibacterial mechanisms, atomic force microscopy (AFM) and scanning electron microscopy (SEM) were used to observe morphological changes of E. coli K88 treated with 0.8 µg/ml zinc oxide nanoparticles. The results reveal that zinc oxide nanoparticles could damage cell membranes, lead to leakage of cytoplasm and kill the bacterial cells. Our study indicates that zinc oxide nanoparticles could potentially be an antibacterial reagent to treat diseases caused by bacteria.

Key words: Zinc oxide, nanoparticle, Escherichia coli K88, antibacterial activity, atomic force microscopy (AFM).