African Journal of Nursing and Midwifery

African Journal of Nursing and Midwifery ISSN 2198-4638 Vol. 6 (4), pp. 772-780, April, 2018. © International Scholars Journals

Full Length Research Paper

Assessment of the nutritional status among under-five children in Evbuotubu community Egor Local Government Area, Edo State

*Ehwarieme T.A1, Ogbogu C.J2, Mbadugha Chisom2 and Obiekwu Adaobi L2

1Department of Nursing Science, School of Basic Medical Sciences, University of Benin, Benin city, Edo state, Nigeria.

2Department of Nursing sciences, Faculty of Health Science and Technology, University of Nigeria, Enugu Campus.

*corresponding author: E-mail: timy4real12@gmail.com Tel. 08060696870

Accepted 09 April, 2018

Abstract

Malnutrition is among the leading cause of deaths in children below age five in the developing countries. For MDG goal to be met, under-five malnutrition is to be reduced to the barest minimum if not eradicated. This is aim at assessing the nutritional status among under -five children in Evbuotubu Community Egor Local Government Area, Edo State. A descriptive cross sectional survey design was used in a sample size of 272 mothers with 544 under-five children. Questionnaire, observational checklist and instrument for anthropometric measurement were used to collect data using convenient sampling technique. Data collected were analyse using descriptive statistics, hypothesis were tested using chi-square at 0.05 significant level. Result show that 196(36.1%) of the children were underweight with 250(46.0%) of them been stunted and 138(25.4%) wasted, out of 36.1% underweight children, 112(20.6%) were boys and 84(15.4%) girls. In addition, of the 25.4% wasted 72 (13.2%) boys and 66(12.1%) were girls. Also mother’s level of education was a significant predictor for weight-for-age (p=0.042 AOR: 2.300, 95% CI: 1.032 – 5.127), and mother’s age for being a strong predictor for child wasting with p= 0.012 AOR: 3.462, 95% CI: 1.313 – 9.131). To improve nutritional status of under-five children, education of the mothers/care givers should be made compulsory. Information on good nutritional practices should be provided by health worker at all level of health care. Government should provide at least one square meal which is fortified with adequate nutrient for all under-five children.

Keywords: Maternal knowledge, nutritional status, underweight, under five children.