African Journal of Medicine and Surgery

African Journal of Medicine and Surgery ISSN 2756-3324 Vol. 7 (10), pp. 001-006, October, 2020. © International Scholars Journals

Full Length Research paper

Prevalence of different Nd:YAG Laser induced complication in patients with significant posterior capsule opacification and their correlation with time duration after standard cataract surgery

Aurangzeb Shaikh1*, Faheemullah Shaikh2, Jai Ram Adwani4 and Ziauddin Ahmed Shaikh3

1Department of Ophthalmology, LUMHS Eye Hospital, Hyderabad, Pakistan.

2Departmentof Ophthalmology, LUMHS, Eye Hospital, Hyderabad, Pakistan.

3Department of Ophthalmology, Unit-I, Dow University of Health Science, and PCB Cell, Civil Hospital, Karachi, Pakistan.

4Department of Ophthalmology, PMC Hospital Nawabshah, Pakistan.

Accepted 16 August, 2020

Abstract

To determine the prevalence of different types of eye complication due to Nd: YAG Laser posterior capsulotomy and its correlation with postoperative time duration following cataract surgery. Eyes underwent ND: YAG Laser posterior capsulotomy (on average 6 months to 3 years) after implantation of Intraocular lens (IOL) in posterior chamber of the eye. Determination of different types of Nd: YAG Laser induced complications in relation with postoperative time duration. We found a higher prevalence of post YAG laser AC reaction, rasised intraocular pressure (IOP), IOL damage, vitreous reaction, macular and retinal damage. Nd: YAG Laser posterior capsulotomy is almost equally safe when performed after six months of cataract surgery.

Key words: Nd:YAG laser, posterior capsule opacification (PCO), intraocular lens (IOL), anterior chamber (AC), macular edema, vitreous hemorrhage, glaucoma.