African Journal of Medicine and Surgery

African Journal of Medicine and Surgery ISSN 2756-3324 Vol. 7 (10), pp. 001-007, October, 2020. © International Scholars Journals

Full Length Research Paper

Incidental finding of Mycoplasmas in developmental dysplasia of the hip and hip dislocation

Antonio Redon-Tavera1*, Hilda Villegas-Castrejón2, D. Oscar Isunza-Alonso3, Antonio Rivera-Tapia4 and Saúl R. León Hernández5

1Department of Pediatric Orthopedics, Instituto Nacional de Rehabilitación, México. Avenida México-Xochimilco No. 239. Colonia Arenal de Guadalupe. México D. F., (Mexico City). P.C. 12389.

2Department Electron Microscopy Instituto Nacional de Rehabilitación, México. Avenida México-Xochimilco No. 239. Colonia Arenal de Guadalupe. México D. F., (Mexico City). P. C. 12389.

3Department of Pediatric Orthopedics, Hospital Germán Díaz-Lombardo. Carmen 18, Colonia Chimalistac. Alvaro Obregón. México D.F. P. C. 01070.

4Laboratorio de Mycoplasmas, Centro de Investigaciones Microbiológicas, Benemérita Universidad Autónoma de Puebla. Edificio 103-J. Col. San Manuel, Puebla, Pue. P. C. 72570, México.

5Division of Investigation, Instituto Nacional de Rehabilitación, México, Avenida México-Xochimilco No. 239. Colonia Arenal de Guadalupe. México D. F., (Mexico City). P. C. 12389.

Accepted 10 May, 2020

Abstract

A non-controlled prospective trial was carried out to investigate ultrastructure of acetabular roof and joint capsule by electron microscopy in dislocated developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDC). Nineteen randomly selected babies aged 18 months to 8 years and ten months, were operated on by a medial approach for open hip reduction between January and July 2006, obtaining biopsies at surgery. No healthy hips were opened just for harvesting biopsies. Surprisingly Mycoplasma corpuscles were found in 15 out of the 19 patients (78%, p = 0.019 binominal distribution test). Corpuscles appeared in 3 cases in roof and capsule, in 5 only in cartilage and in 7 only in capsule. Four out of 5 children aged 18 - 22 months (80%) had Mycoplasma in cartilage, as well as in 4 out of those 14 (28.6%) older than 22 months. Three out of 5 under 22 months (60%) had Mycoplasma in joint capsule: 40% in cartilage and capsule and 20% only in capsule. In those greater than 22 months only 7.2% had Mycoplasma at both levels and 42.8% only in the joint capsule. Mycoplasma had a tendency to decrease as patients grew-up in age. It is proposed that Mycoplasma in acetabulum could contribute to impair its full ossification in DDC since it would compete for cartilage nutrients, thus producing deterioration of chondral cells and matrix, and a difficult acetabular physis advancement inside the chondral acetabulum. Also a decreased capsule tensile strength could result in slacking capsule and joint dislocation.

Word keys: Congenital, developmental, hip dysplasia, mycoplasma.