African Journal of Immunology Research

African Journal of Immunology Research ISSN 9431-5833 Vol. 7 (3), pp. 001-007, March, 2020. © International Scholars Journals

Review

Human trafficking in Nigeria: Implication for human immune deficiency virus and acquired immune deficiency syndrome (HIV/AIDS) pandemic

M. D. Enaikele1* and A. O. Olutayo2

1Department of General Studies, Federal College of Fisheries and Marine Technology, Lagos, Nigeria.

2Department of Sociology, University of Ibadan, Ibadan, Nigeria.

Accepted 21 September, 2019

Abstract

Human trafficking is largely a form of slavery. The international awareness of the crime has over the years increased. Nigeria is a country of origin, transit and destination for human trafficking. This paper attempts to articulate the potential vulnerability of the victims, appraise the link between trafficking and human immune deficiency virus/acquired immune deficiency syndrome (HIV/AIDS) pandemic, assess the potency of the Nigeria legal instruments to curb human trafficking and recommend possible solutions. Because of unemployment, victims are frequently lured with promise to get a job with fat pay. Trafficking victims are exposed to unprotected sexual intercourse with multiple partners. They are also hired for pornography and bestiality. These experiences make them vulnerable to sexually transmitted diseases (STDs), HIV/AIDS and other female reproductive health challenges. The Nigeria local laws and the international conventions and protocols, which she is signatory to, all have legal potencies to curb trafficking. Therefore fighting trafficking in Nigeria is all encompassing because it requires a need for synergy of efforts to create public awareness of the crime, address the poverty situation in the country, create employment for the youths, reinforce relevant national laws, organize counseling, rehabilitation and reintegration programme for the victims and allow them access to government subsidized services for HIV/AIDS and other female reproductive health care programmes.

Key words:Nigeria, human immune deficiency virus/acquired immune deficiency syndrome, human, trafficking, pandemic.