African Journal of Chemistry
African Journal of Chemistry ISSN 4391-3199 Vol. 6 (1), pp. 398-403, January, 2019. © International Scholars Journals
Full Length Research Paper
Kinetic approach to the mechanism of the redox reaction of malachite green and permanganate ion in aqueous acidic medium
Y. Mohammed1*, J. F. Iyun2 and S. O. Idris2
1Chemistry Department, Nasarawa State University, P. M. B. 1022, Keffi. Nigeria.
2Chemistry Department, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria, Nigeria.
Accepted 9 November, 2018
The redox kinetic and mechanistic studies of the reactions of malachite green (MG+) and MnO4– were carried out in aqueous acidic medium, at a temperature of 32.5 ± 0.5°C; ionic strength, m = 0.50 mol dm–3 (Na2SO 4), [H+] = 5.00 x 10–3 mol dm–3 (H2SO4). In the stoichiometry, one mole of malachite green was consumed by one mole of MnO4–. The reaction is first order in both [MG +] and the [MnO4–]. The rates of redox reaction showed dependence on acid concentrations (in the acid range used). Rate equation for the reaction has been proposed as: –d[MG+]/ dt = (a + b[H+])[MG+][MnO4–]. At [H+] = 5.00 x 10–3 mol dm– 3, the second order rate constant for the malachite green – MnO4– reaction was found to be (11.96 ± 0.13) x 10–3 dm3 mol–1 s–1. The rates of reaction displayed negative salt effect. Log k1 versus 1/D gave positive slope for the reaction. Added anions and cations catalysed the malachite green – MnO4– reaction. Results of the Michaelis- Menten analysis gave no evidence of intermediate complex formation. Based on the results obtained experimentally, the outer sphere mechanism is proposed for the malachite green – MnO4– reaction.
Key words: kinetics, mechanism, catalysis, salt effect.
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