African Journal of Chemistry

African Journal of Chemistry ISSN 4391-3199 Vol. 6 (1), pp. 383-397, January, 2019. © International Scholars Journals

Full Length Research Paper

Design and synthesis of nano heterogeneous supported catalysts for olefin polymerization

S. Tajammul Hussain1*, Rafia Naheed2, Amin Badshah2 and Tariq Mehmood1

1National Centre for Physics, Quaid-i-Azam University, Islamabad, Pakistan.

2Department of Chemistry, Quaid-i-Azam University, Islamabad, Pakistan.

Accepted 23 August, 2018

Abstract

The polymerization of olefins was studied using heterogeneous cobalt nickel (oxide) bimetallic catalyst. The prepared catalyst was subjected to calcination at different temperatures. This treatment results in the formation of different phases with multiple oxidation states. The characterization of the catalyst was carried out by XRD, SEM, EDX, TGA, FTIR and TPR/TPD. The catalytic activity was studied for the polymerization of butadiene gas in toluene, n- hexane and ethanol in a Parr reactor system. The products obtained, were characterized by FTIR, GC/MS, 1H and 13C NMR spectroscopy, Laser Light Scattering (LLS) and GPC. The best activity was achieved on the catalyst sample calcined at 1173 K in ethanol solvent. The product contains aliphatic and aromatic carbonyl compounds and polybutadiene terminated by OH group. The GPC and LLS studies indicates that polydispersity of the products are in the narrow range and high molecular weight product. The study reflects that the catalytic reaction conditions, the calcinations temperatures which control the oxidation state, phase of the catalyst and stability of the catalyst are mainly responsible for the change in products selectivity.

Key words: Heterogeneous catalysts, bimetallic, olefin polymerization, calcination, solvents, aliphatic, aromatic products.