African Journal of Agricultural Marketing
African Journal of Agricultural Marketing ISSN 2375-1061 Vol. 11 (1), pp. 001-007, January, 2023. © International Scholars Journals
Full Length Research Paper
Use of male gametocide: An alternative to cumbersome emasculation in coriander (Coriandrum sativum L.)
Giridhar Kalidasu1*, C. Sarada1, P. Venkata Reddy1 and T. Yellamanda Reddy2
1Horticultural Research Station, Lam, Guntur-522 034, Andhra Pradesh, India.
2Planning and Monitoring Cell, ANGRAU, Rajendranagar, Hyderabad-500 030, Andhra Pradesh, India.
Accepted 12 October, 2022
New varieties of the coriander are traditionally bred using either mass selection or pure line selection or recurrent selection. Attempts to use hybridization to combine desirable traits were scarcely successful due to cumbersome emasculation. Hence, using male gametocides as an alternative to hand emasculation offers immense scope. The present study is taken up to assess five gametocides viz. Gibberellic acid, 2, 4-D, Maleic Hydrazide, Ethrel and Surf Excel at different concentrations which were sprayed at the time of flower primordia initiation. Pollen viability and pollen germination were assessed periodically. The results indicated that none of the gametocides evaluated resulted in pollen sterility and pollen germination was unaffected. However, spraying of Maleic Hydrazide at 125 ppm resulted in suppression of anther dehiscence due to severe agglutination of the pollen. Repeat spraying of Maleic Hydrazide at 100 ppm from 25 DAS on wards until the cessation of flowering caused suppression of anther dehiscence during entire flowering period. Successful crosses were obtained using Maleic Hydrazide as chemical emasculation agent.
Key words: Coriander, coriandrum, emasculation, male gametocide, crossing, hybridization.
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