African Journal of AIDS and HIV Research

African Journal of AIDS and HIV Research ISSN 2736-1748 Vol. 11 (1), pp. 001-006, January, 2023. © International Scholars Journals

Full Length Research Paper

Efficacy of HIV-prevention counseling of clients In Anambra State of Nigeria

Chiejina EN, Odira CC and Sibeudu FT

Department of Nursing Science Nnamdi Azikiwe University Nnewi Campus Nigeria

Accepted 05 May, 2022


The study focused on the efficacy of HIV-prevention counseling of clients in Anambra State of Nigeria. Three research questions and three null hypotheses guided the study. A sample of 207 nurses selected from Tertiary, Secondary and Primary levels of Health Care Institutions were used for the study. The instrument for data collection was checklist titled Client-centered HIV-Prevention Counseling Scale (CHCS). Statistical weighted mean was used to answer the research questions, and Analysis of Variance (ANOVA) was adopted in testing the null hypotheses at 0.05 level of significance. The result showed that the HIV-prevention counselors in Comprehensive Health Centres (Primary Level) adhered mostly to the elements of HIV-prevention counseling and also possessed the best counseling skills, while the counselors in Voluntary Agency Hospitals (Secondary Level) were best in ensuring high quality HIV-prevention counseling. Significant differences existed in the mean scores of the counseling strategies and quality HIV-prevention counseling between the providers in tertiary, secondary and primary levels of Health Care delivery. Recommendations were given based on the findings.

Keywords: Efficacy, Counseling, HIV – Prevention, HIV – Transmission, Risk – Behaviour.