African Journal of Agriculture and Food Security

African Journal of Agriculture and Food Security ISSN 2375-1177 Vol. 7 (10), pp. 001-008, October, 2019. © International Scholars Journals

Full Length Research Paper

Nutritional evaluation of four optimized cassava-based complementary foods

O.  O. Onabanjo1, 2*, C. R. B. Oguntona1, Bussie Maziya-Dixon2, I. O. Olayiwola1, E. B. Oguntona3 and A. G. O. Dixon2

1Department of Nutrition and Dietetics, University of Agriculture, Abeokuta, Ogun State, Nigeria,

2International Institute of Tropical Agriculture, Ibadan, Oyo State, Nigeria,

3Department of Animal Nutrition, University of Agriculture, Abeokuta, Ogun State, Nigeria.

Accepted 02 July, 2019

Abstract

Complementary foods were formulated and their nutritional composition analyzed from three yellow and one white cassava varieties. The composites were analyzed for proximate, mineral, fatty acids and amino acids. The mean values for the proximate composition of the diets are moisture (41.4 g kg-1) wet weight, ash (47.4 g kg-1), crude protein (145.8 g kg -1), crude fat (106.7 g kg-1), crude fiber (21.1 g kg-1), total carbohydrate (633.5 g kg-1), and energy (409.2 kcal) . The diets supplied adequate amounts of most minerals, except iron (about 65% of the standard). The composites contained all the essential amino acids with adequate chemical score for most amino acids. The complementary diets contained moderate to high proportions of -linolenic acids (18:3n3) and a high proportion of linoleic acid (18:2n6), which resulted in a high total n-6/total n-3 ratio and a high linoleic/ -linolenic acids ratio. Micronutrient improved cassava varieties can be effectively used to formulate complementary food as acceptable micronutrients supplement.

Key words: micronutrient-improved, cassava, complementary foods, children.