African Journal of Agriculture and Food Security

African Journal of Agriculture and Food Security ISSN 2375-1177 Vol. 8 (10), pp. 001-008, October, 2020. © International Scholars Journals

Full Length Research Paper

Critical period of weed control in winter lentil under non-irrigated conditions in Turkey

Murat Erman1, Isık Tepe2, Bekir Bükün3, Reyyan Yergin4 and Mehtap Ta kesen5

1YÙzüncÙ Yil University, Faculty of Agriculture, Department of Field Crops 65080 Van, Turkey.

2, 4, 5YÙzüncÙ Yil University, Faculty of Agriculture, Department of Plant Protection 65080 Van, Turkey

3Harran University, Faculty of Agriculture, Department of Plant Protection 63040  anlıurfa, Turkey.

Accepted 16 September, 2020

Abstract

This study was conducted during the growing seasons of 1998 - 1999 and 2003-2004 to determine the critical period of weed control (CPWC) in winter-lentil (cv. Sazak- 91). The experiments were laid out in a randomised block design with four replications. The beginning and end of CPWC were based on 5% acceptable yield loss levels which were determined by fitting logistic and Gompertz equations to relative yield data, representing increasing duration of weed-interference and weed-free period, estimated as growing degree days (GDD). The results indicated that CPWC for seed yield was between 237 and 846 GDD in the first year and between 123 and 414 GDD in the second year, while CPWC for biomass was between 216 and 820 GDD in the first year and between 212 and 374 GDD in the second year. Thus weeds should be controlled from the first week after the onset of regrowing stage of the crop in spring up to 7th week for winter-lentil to avoid losses above 5%.

Key words: Lentil, critical period, weed competition, weed interference.