African Journal of Dentistry ISSN: 3216-0216 Vol. 5 (7), pp. 106-112, September, 2017. © International Scholars Journals

Full Length Research Paper

Orthodontic treatment outcome in specialized training Center in Khartoum, Sudan

Al-Sawadi Asmaa1, Ali Rehab2, Mageet AO3

1,2Orthodontic Residents, Mageet Orthodontic Training Centre, Affiliated to the University of Al-Gezira, Khartoum, Sudan.

3Associate Prof. of Orthodontics, Mohammed Bin Rashid University, Hamdan Bin Mohammed College of Dental Medicine, Dubai, UAE.

Visiting Associate Prof. of Orthodontics, Mageet Orthodontic Training Center, affiliated to University of Gezira, Khartoum, Sudan.

Corresponding author E-mail: amageet2000@yahoo.co.uk

Accepted 20 September, 2017

Abstract

The aim of this study was to determine the need/outcome of orthodontic treatment in terms of improvement in an orthodontic training center in Khartoum, Sudan. Models of 90 patients were referred and treated at Mageet Orthodontic Training Center, Khartoum, Sudan with malocclusions of different types and severity. Three occlusal indices were used. The Index of Orthodontic Treatment Need (IOTN) dental health component (DHC) showed 71.2% of the cases to have great improvement (grade 4-5), 18.8% moderate (grade 3) and 10% slight (grade 2) and 0% no treatment need (grade 1) while for the esthetic component (EC) 37.7% of  the cases showed great improvement (grade 8-10), 45.5 % moderate (grade 5-7) and 16.6 % slight (grade 1-4). The Peer Assessment Rating (PAR) showed 57.5% of the cases with mean percentage reduction greater than 70% (93.4% of the cases shown improvement and 6.6% with no change). The Index of Complexity, Outcome and Need (ICON) showed 14.5% of the cases as not requiring orthodontic treatment and (34.4%) as very difficult to treat. The need for orthodontic treatment in Sudan is similar to the need in European countries, despite the fact that treated cases are more severe as compared to European countries.

Keywords: Occlusal indices; Malocclusion; Orthodontics treatment outcome; Dental esthetics, model analysis.