International Journal of Public Health and Epidemiology

International Journal of Public Health and Epidemiology ISSN 2326-7291 Vol. 6 (4), pp. 339-349, April, 2017. © International Scholars Journals

Full Length Research Paper

Prostate cancer screening knowledge, attitudes, and beliefs among men in Bamenda, Cameroon

1Kaninjing Ernest, 2Rahman Saleh,1Close Fran, 1Pierre Rodrigue, 1Dutton Matthew, 1Lamango Nazarius and 1Onokpise Oghenekome

1Florida A&M University, Institute of Public Health, Frederick Humphries Research Center, Tallahassee, Florida 32307, USA. 

2University of Central Florida, College of Medicine, Health Science Campus at Lake Nona, Orlando, Florida 32827, USA.

*Corresponding author E-mail: ekaninjing1@gmail.com

Accepted 10 March, 2017

Abstract

In Cameroon, few population-based studies have examined factors associated with screening for prostate cancer.  This cross-sectional study aimed to investigate prostate cancer-related knowledge, assess rates of prostate cancer screening, and explore factors influencing screening in Bamenda. Questionnaires were administered to a cluster random sample of 556 men. Logistic regression was used to estimate the effects of the factors on screening.  A medium level of knowledge was found among 55.2% of participants regarding prostate cancer risk factors while the screening rate for that affection was 8.1% among the study population.  The adjusted odds ratio (OR) and 95% confidence interval (CI) for prostate cancer screening among men who are 65 years-old and older as opposed to men aged 40 to 44 years-old was 4.4 [1.1 - 17.6]. Furthermore, 6.4 [1.9 – 20.9] was the adjusted OR and 95% CI for screening among men with income > 150,000.00 Francs relative to those with income < 50,000.00 Francs. The adjusted OR and 95% CI was 14.8 [6.6 – 33.4] for screening among men aware of screening tests relative to those not aware. Age, income, and awareness were the factors associated with prostate cancer screening among men in Bamenda where screening rate was low and knowledge level was average.

Keywords: Prostate cancer, screening, knowledge, awareness, attitudes and beliefs, Bamenda, Cameroon.