International Journal of Otolaryngology and Ophthalmology

International Journal of Otolaryngology and Ophthalmology ISSN 7329-1943 Vol. 2 (5), pp. 039-043, December, 2016. © International Scholars Journals

Full Length Research Paper

Factors associated with diabetic retinopathy among Sudanese diabetic patients in Khartoum-Sudan 2016: Hospital based cross-sectional study

Mohanad Kamaleldin Mahmoud Ibrahim


General Medical Director, Albasar International Foundation. Lecturer, Al neelain University- Faculty of Medicine, Khartoum- Sudan, P.O Box 12368

Tel: 00249912334544. E-mail:

Received 27 November, 2016; Revised 02 December, 2016; Accepted 09 December, 2016 and Published 25 December, 2016


Diabetic retinopathy is a condition occurring in persons with diabetes, which causes progressive damage to the retina. It is a serious sight-threatening complication of diabetes. The objective of this research was to study the risk factors of diabetic retinopathy among diabetic patients aiming to avail information for control. This was a hospital based cross- sectional study conducted among 251 participants in the period between February and April 2016.The questionnaire was composed of 21 close-ended questions. The study was estimated at 95% confidence level. 58% were males, 51% complained of hypertension while 70% were non-obese. Diabetic males were more affected with Diabetic Retinopathy than females. The study revealed that hypertension is associated with Diabetic Retinopathy while Obesity was inversely associated with it.

Keywords: Diabetic retinopathy, risk factors, Sudanese population, hypertension, obesity.