International Journal of Otolaryngology and Ophthalmology
International Journal of Otolaryngology and Ophthalmology ISSN 7329-1943 Vol. 2 (5), pp. 055-060, December, 2016. © International Scholars Journals
Full Length Research Paper
Attitude of surgical eye patients on preoperative routine HIV screening in a resource-limited economy
Mohammed O. Sanusi5,6*, Ibrahim Dandu1, Goodluck2,5, Saraki J. Ahmed3 and Sulaman G. A.
1Department of Pharmacology and Therapeutics, College of Health Sciences, University of Ilorin, Kwara State, Nigeria.
2Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University Teaching Hospital, Ado Ekiti, Ekiti State, Nigeria.
3Health Reform Foundation of Nigeria (HERFON) 10, Sakono Street, Wuse II, Abuja, FCT, Nigeria.
4Department of Radiology, Usmanu Danfodiyo University Teaching Hospital, Sokoto, Sokoto State, Nigeria.
5Department of Ophthalmology, University Teaching Hospital, Ado Ekiti, Ekiti State, Nigeria.
6Department of Ophthalmology, College of Health Sciences, University of Abuja, FCT, Nigeria.
Accepted 21 August, 2016
Despite inherent benefits, routine (HIV) test is still controversial. A cross-sectional survey of 198 preoperative eye patients was carried out at a Nigerian hospital to determine their opinion on preoperative routine HIV screening. Participants comprised 121 (61%) males and 77 (39%) females, mean age 56 years SD 17. Most (77%) had at least primary education. Awareness of HIV/AIDS was high (96%) and radio was the commonest (73%) source of awareness. Just 18% previously had HIV screening, only 37% had positive attitudes towards routine HIV test. Many admitted stigmatization (47%), discrimination (48%) and lack of cure (44%) as challenges of HIV/AIDS. There were no associations (p > 0.05) between participants’ educational levels and awareness of HIV/AIDS, previous HIV test, consenting to preoperative HIV test. Also, there were no associations between participants’ gender and awareness of HIV/AIDS, previous HIV test, but male gender was associated with consenting to preoperative HIV test (p = 0.011). Continued support for HIV enlightenment (73%) and funding of research into cure for HIV/AIDS 59% were recommended. Discordance exists in participants’ awareness, education and attitudes to routine HIV test. Stigmatization, discrimination and lack of cure still lively HIV/AIDS challenges. Informed consent before preoperative HIV test and continued support for HIV/AIDS are underscored.
Key words: Attitude, informed consent, patient right, preoperative eye patient, routine HIV test.
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