International Journal of Medical Sociology and Anthropology

International Journal of Medical Sociology and Anthropology ISSN 9543-6197 Vol. 4 (2), pp. 071-072, February, 2015. International Scholars Journals

Case Report

Assessment of serum magnesium levels in patient suffering from renal lithiasis

Geeta Gill Mehta, Sahni Singh and Deepa Akshay

1Department of Biochemistry, Sri Guru Ram Das Institute of Medical Sciences and Research, Vallah, Amritsar, India.

2Department of Anesthesia, Geetanjali Medical College, Udaipur, India.

*Corresponding author.E-mail: mehta.gill@yahoo.com

Accepted 03 February, 2015

Abstract

Hypomagnesaemia is common finding in current medical practice mainly in critically ill patients. Magnesium has been directly implicated in hypokalemia, hypocalcaemia and dysrrthymias. We report a known case of renal lithiasis, in a 45 year old female patient, with chief complaint of severe pain in right lumbar region and breathlessness with confirmed electrolyte imbalance. The objective of the present case report was to investigate the incidence of hypomagnesaemia in the critically ill patient and multiple electrolyte imbalance. It was also observed that magnesium (Mg) supplementation corrected the underlying multiple electrolyte disturbances in the patient thus, establishing a positive correlation of magnesium with sodium (Na), potassium (K) and calcium (Ca).

Key words: Hypomagnesaemia, hypokalemia, hypocalcaemia, hyponatremia.