International Journal of Microbiology Research and Reviews

International Journal of Microbiology Research and Reviews ISSN 2329-9800 Vol. 6 (5), pp. 345-350, May, 2017. © International Scholars Journals

Full Length Research Paper

The prevalence of trichomonas vaginalis in Wesley Guide Hospital Ilesha, Nigeria

1Olaniran O*, 2Osevwe AJ, 3Balogun IA, 4Hassan-Olajokun RE, 5Oyetoke OO

1,4Department of Medical Microbiology and Parasitology, Obafemi Awolowo University Ile- Ife, 2 , 3Department of Medical Microbiology and Parasitology, Obafemi Awolowo University Teaching Hospital complex, Ile- Ife, 5Department of Microbiology, Obafemi Awolowo University Ile- Ife, Nigeria.

*Corresponding author E-mail: olarinde.olaniran@yahoo.com

Accepted 22 July, 2015

Abstract

The prevalence of Trichomonas vaginalis among women in Ilesha over a period of three months were studied. 310 samples from High vaginal, Endocervical and Urethral from female patients were analyzed using Gram staining and direct methods. Out of three hundred and ten samples collected from high vaginal, Endocervical and Urethral of the patients, a total of 25 (8.1%) were positive for Trichomonas  vaginalis while 285 (91.9%) were negative. Out of the twenty five positive samples, high vaginal swab had the highest prevalence of 13.0 (4.2%), followed by Endocervical swab with 12.0 (3.9%) and Urethral swab had none 0.0 (0.00%). Age group 16-25 years had the highest prevalence of 15.0 (4.48%), followed by age group 26-35years 8.0 (2.6%) and the least is age group 6-15years 8.0 (0.65%). Uneducated had the highest prevalence of Trichomonas vaginalis infection with 15(4.84%) while the educated had 10.0(3.23%). The prevalence of Trichomoniasis in the study is significantly high, but there is no significant difference in overall distribution of the parasite in both HVS and ECS, thus either of the samples can be used for investigating Trichomonas vaginalis infection in patients with the symptoms. Improve hygiene, none relaxation of social taboos, decent sexual habit, use of protective device such as condom and diaphragm would promote safe and discipline sexual habit.

Keywords: Prevalence, trichomonas vaginalis, high vaginal swab, endocervical swab, urethral swab, Nigeria.