International Journal of Microbiology Research and Reviews

International Journal of Microbiology Research and Reviews ISSN 2329-9800 Vol. 6 (5), pp. 336-339, May, 2017. © International Scholars Journals

Full Length Research Paper

Survey on the prevalence of mycobacterium tuberculosis among the patient visiting Nekemte hospital

Desalegn Amenu

College of Natural and Computational science, P. O. Box 395, Wollega University.

E-mail: wadadesalegn@gmail.com

Accepted 13 October, 2015

Abstract

Tuberculosis is the bacterial disease that is caused by mycobacterium tuberculosis and is the fatal disease distributed worldwide. The study was conducted to assess the prevalence of mycobacterium tuberculosis among the patient visiting Nekemte hospital. A cross sectional study was conducted in Nekemte hospital from February 2005 E.C to march 2005 E.C. During the study period, 731 people were infected which considered of 322 of female and 409 males. Tuber colossi infection was examined according to standard procedures and identified in male and female in age group 5yrs 26(3.56%), 6-10yrs 54(7.39%),11-20yrs 138(18.88%),21-50yrs 452(61.83%),and>50yrs. 61(8.34%).Over all prevalence was observed 44% of female and 56% male patients. The infection of tuberculosis clinically manifested as loss of weight, coughs, highly sweated, fever and chest pain. Tuberculosis is common disease in the world especially sub-Saharan Africa. This indicates that tuberculosis is prevalent in rural and urban areas. Large and more compressive studies are recommended to reduce the prevalence of tuberculoses in Nekemte.

Keywords: Mycobacterium tuberculosis, bacteria, diseases, patients, Nekemte hospital.