International Journal of Anatomy and Physiology

International Journal of Anatomy and Physiology ISSN 2326-7275 Vol. 4 (6) pp. 081-084, September, 2015. © International Scholars Journals

Full Length Research Paper

Morphometric analysis of the mental foramen in adult human mandible in saurashtra region

Ritika Patel1, *Ridhdhish Patel1, Mital Patel2

1P.G.Student, Department of Anatomy, M.P.Shah Govt. Medical College, Jamnagar, India

2Professor & Head, Department of Anatomy, M.P.Shah Govt. Medical College, Jamnagar, India 

*Corresponding Author E-mail: ppritzs@gmail.com

Accepted 25 July, 2015

Abstract

The aim of the study was to determine the most common position, size and shape of the mental foramen in population of saurashtra region of Gujarat, which may useful for the future surgical implications. The mental nerve leaves the mandible via the mental foramen. The intra osseous course of the mental nerve is of particular importance in dental surgery. To get effective nerve blocks and avoids post surgical neurovascular complications, morphology and morphometry of the mental foramen is essential. This study was conducted using 62 dried adult human mandible of unknown sex obtained from Department of Anatomy, M.P.Shah Govt. Medical College, Jamnagar, Gujarat, India. Morphology and Morphometry of mental foramen including size, shape and position of mental foramen were studied. The incidences of the accessory mental foramen were also studied. The findings indicated that most common position of mental foramen was position IV- the longitudinal axis of the second premolar for right side 25(40.32%) and left side 27(43.55%). The most common shape of the mental foramen was oval (79.03%). The accessory mental foramen was most commonly situated on right side 5(8.06%).

Key words: Mental Foramen (MF), Accessory Mental Foramen (AMF), morphometry, dental surgery, anatomical variations.