International Journal of Anatomy and Physiology

International Journal of Anatomy and Physiology ISSN 2326-7275 Vol. 4 (6), pp. 089-092, September, 2015. © International Scholars Journals

Full Length Research Paper

Double foramen transversarium in cervical vertebrae: A morphological study

Ridhdhish Patel1, Ritika Patel1, Mital Patel2

1P.G.Student, Department of Anatomy, M.P.Shah Govt. Medical College, Jamnagar, India.

2Professor & Head, Department of Anatomy, M.P.Shah Govt. Medical College, Jamnagar, India. 

*Corresponding author E-mail:ridhdhish_patel@yahoo.com

Accepted 24 July, 2015

Abstract

The aim of the study was to evaluate the incidence of duplication foramen transversarium in cervical vertebrae. It may affect the course of vertebral artery which leads to neurological symptoms. The variations in incidence of duplication were important for the spine surgery and radiological approach. A total number of 865 (346 atypical and 519 typical) dried cervical vertebrae were studied in the department of anatomy, M. P. Shah Govt. Medical College, Jamnagar, Gujarat, India. Morphological examinations of all cervical vertebrae were done for incidence of duplication of foramen transversarium on both sides. The duplication of foramen transversarium was found most commonly bilateral (4.62%) than the unilateral (4.04%). The study also showed that unilateral duplication was found more on right side (2.31%) than left side (1.73%). The incidence of double foramen transversarium in typical cervical vertebrae (10.04%) was higher than the atypical cervical vertebrae (6.06%). So the present study provided useful data for the surgical and radiological diagnostic approach in cervical spine procedure.

Key words: Foramen Transversarium (FT), Accessory Foramen Transversarium (AFT), cervical vertebrae, spine surgery, morphology.