The objective of the International Journal of Anatomy and Physiology (IJAP) (ISSN: 2326-7275) as a multi-disciplinary, open access research journal is to provide a publication outlet (on monthly basis) for the increasing flow of scholarly research articles. The Journal's emphasis is on theoretical developments and their implementation, empirical, applied, and policy-oriented research in all areas of Anatomy and Physiology. IJAP purpose is to improve communications between physiologists, clinical scientists and within the academic and other research communities, policymakers and operational decision makers.
In the view of IJAP, Anatomy and Physiology entail the science of the function, form, composition, and structure of living systems. Specifically, anatomy is the study of the physical structure of organisms. In physiology, the scientific method is applied to determine how organisms, organ systems, organs, cells and biomolecules carry out the chemical or physical function that they have in a living system. Human physiology is the science of the mechanical, physical, and biochemical functions of humans in good health, their organs, and the cells of which they are composed. The principal level of focus of physiology is at the level of organs and systems within systems. Much of the foundation of knowledge in human physiology was provided by animal experimentation. Physiology is closely related to anatomy; anatomy is the study of form, while physiology is the study of function. Due to the frequent connection between form and function physiology and anatomy are intrinsically linked and are studied in tandem as part of a medical curriculum.
Exclusively, IJAP accepts manuscripts that fall within all areas and issues relating to Anatomy and Physiology such as:
Biochemistry: This is the study of the chemistry taking place in living organisms, especially the structure and function of their chemical components.
Biomechanics: This is the study of the structure and function of biological systems by means of the methods of Mechanics.
Biostatistics: This is the application of statistics to biological fields in the broadest sense. Knowledge of biostatistics is essential in the planning, evaluation, and interpretation of medical research. It is also fundamental to epidemiology and evidence-based medicine.
Biophysics: This is an interdisciplinary science that uses the methods of physics and physical chemistry to study biological systems.
Cytology: This is the microscopic study of individual cells.
Embryology: This is the study of the early development of organisms.
Endocrinology: This is the study of hormones and their effect throughout the body of animals.
Epidemiology: This is the study of the demographics of disease processes, and includes, but is not limited to, the study of epidemics.
Genetics: This is the study of genes, and their role in biological inheritance.
Histology: This is the study of the structures of biological tissues by light microscopy, electron microscopy and immunohistochemistry.
Immunology: This is the study of the immune system, which includes the innate and adaptive immune system in humans, for example.
Medical physics: This is the study of the applications of physics principles in medicine.
Microbiology: This is the study of microorganisms, including protozoa, bacteria, fungi, and viruses.
Molecular biology: This is the study of molecular underpinnings of the process of replication, transcription and translation of the genetic material.
Neuroscience: This includes those disciplines of science that are related to the study of the nervous system. A main focus of neuroscience is the biology and physiology of the human brain and spinal cord.
Nutrition science: This is the study of the relationship of food and drink to health and disease, especially in determining an optimal diet. Medical nutrition therapy is done by dietitians and is prescribed for diabetes, cardiovascular diseases, weight and eating disorders, allergies, malnutrition, and neoplastic diseases.
Pathology: This is the study of disease—the causes, course, progression and resolution thereof.
Pharmacology: This is the study of drugs and their actions.
Photobiology: This is the study of the interactions between non-ionizing radiation and living organisms.
Physiology: This is the study of the normal functioning of the body and the underlying regulatory mechanisms.
Radiobiology: This is the study of the interactions between ionizing radiation and living organisms.
Toxicology: This is the study of hazardous effects of drugs and poisons.
Radiology: This is concerned with imaging of the human body, e.g. by x-rays, x-ray computed tomography, ultrasonography, and nuclear magnetic resonance tomography.
Nuclear medicine: This is concerned with studying human organ systems by administering radiolabelled substances (radiopharmaceuticals)
Clinical neurophysiology: This is concerned with testing the physiology or function of the central and peripheral aspects of the nervous system.
Dermatology: This is concerned with the skin and its diseases.
Emergency medicine: This is concerned with the diagnosis and treatment of acute or life-threatening conditions, including trauma, surgical, medical, pediatric, and psychiatric emergencies.
Family medicine, family practice, general practice or primary care: This is, in many countries, the first port-of-call for patients with non-emergency medical problems.
Obstetrics and gynecology: These are concerned respectively with childbirth and the female reproductive and associated organs. Reproductive medicine and fertility medicine are generally practiced by gynecological specialists.
Medical Genetics: This is concerned with the diagnosis and management of hereditary disorders.
Neurology: This is concerned with diseases of the nervous system.
Ophthalmology: This is concerned with the eye and ocular adnexa, combining conservative and surgical therapy.
Pediatrics: This is devoted to the care of infants, children, adolescents, age ranges, organ systems, disease classes, and sites of care delivery.
Physical medicine and rehabilitation (or physiatry): This is concerned with functional improvement after injury, illness, or congenital disorders.
Psychiatry: This is the branch of medicine concerned with the bio-psycho-social study of the etiology, diagnosis, treatment and prevention of cognitive, perceptual, emotional and behavioral disorders. Related non-medical fields include psychotherapy and clinical psychology.
Preventive medicine: This is the branch of medicine concerned with preventing disease.
Community health or public health: This is an aspect of health services concerned with threats to the overall health of a community based on population health analysis.
Occupational medicine: This is the provision of health advice to organizations and individuals to ensure that the highest standards of health and safety at work can be achieved and maintained.
Aerospace medicine: This deals with medical problems related to flying and space travel.
Addiction medicine: This deals with the treatment of addiction.
Bioethics: This is a field of study which concerns the relationship between biology, science, medicine and ethics, philosophy and theology.
Biomedical Engineering: This is a field dealing with the application of engineering principles to medical practice.
Clinical pharmacology: This is concerned with how systems of therapeutics interact with patients.
Conservation medicine: This studies the relationship between human and animal health, and environmental conditions.
Disaster medicine: This deals with medical aspects of emergency preparedness, disaster mitigation and management.
Diving medicine (or hyperbaric medicine): This is the prevention and treatment of diving-related problems.
Evolutionary medicine: This is a perspective on medicine derived through applying evolutionary theory.
Forensic medicine: This deals with medical questions in legal context, such as determination of the time and cause of death.
Gender-based medicine: This studies the biological and physiological differences between the human sexes and how that affects differences in disease.
Hospice and Palliative Medicine: This is a relatively modern branch of clinical medicine that deals with pain and symptom relief and emotional support in patients with terminal illnesses including cancer and heart failure.
Hospital medicine: This is the general medical care of hospitalized patients.
Laser medicine: This involves the use of lasers in the diagnostics and/or treatment of various conditions.
Medical humanities: This includes the humanities (literature, philosophy, ethics, history and religion), social science (anthropology, cultural studies, psychology, sociology), and the arts (literature, theater, film, and visual arts) and their application to medical education and practice.
Medical informatics, medical computer science, medical information and eHealth are relatively recent fields that deal with the application of computers and information technology to medicine.
Nosology: This is the classification of diseases for various purposes.
Nosokinetics: This is the science/subject of measuring and modelling the process of care in health and social care systems.
Pain management: (also called pain medicine, or algiatry) This is the medical discipline concerned with the relief of pain.
Pharmacogenomics: This is a form of individualized medicine.
Sexual medicine: This is concerned with diagnosing, assessing and treating all disorders related to sexuality.
Sports medicine: This deals with the treatment and preventive care of athletes, amateur and professional. The team includes specialty physicians and surgeons, athletic trainers, physical therapists, coaches, other personnel, and, of course, the athlete.
Therapeutics: This is the field, more commonly referenced in earlier periods of history, of the various remedies that can be used to treat disease and promote health.
Travel medicine: This deals with health problems of international travelers or travelers across highly different environments.
Urgent care: This focuses on delivery of unscheduled, walk-in care outside of the hospital emergency department for injuries and illnesses that are not severe enough to require care in an emergency department. In some jurisdictions this function is combined with the emergency room.
Veterinary medicine: veterinarians apply similar techniques as physicians to the care of animals.
Wilderness medicine: This entails the practice of medicine in the wild, where conventional medical facilities may not be available.