International Journal of Agricultural Extension and Rural Development

International Journal of Agricultural Extension and Rural Development ISSN 3254-5428 Vol. 4 (1), pp. 263-273, January, 2017. © International Scholars Journals

Full Length Research Paper

Attitudes of local people towards community-based forest management: A study of a Sal forest area in Bangladesh

M. G. Farouque1, K. Fuyuki2 and N. Takashino3

1JSPS Invitation Research Fellow, Laboratory of International Development Studies, Graduate School of Agricultural Science, Tohoku University, Japan.

2&3Associate Professor and Assistant Professor, Laboratory of International Development Studies, Graduate School of Agricultural Science, Tohoku University, Japan.

Email: farouque25@bau.edu.bd

Received 30 November, 2016; Revised 04 December, 2016; Accepted 10 December 2016 and Published 09 January, 2017

Abstract

This paper examined attitudes of local people towards community-based forest management (CBFM) and explored factors influencing their attitudes. A survey instrument was administered to 80 household heads (both from ethnic and non-ethnic), sampled across the communities adjacent to the forest area using stratified random sampling method. Attitudes of local people towards CBFM approach were measured by developing 15 relevant statements. The study findings revealed that two-third (66.7%) of the ethnic respondents and near about three-fourth (77.3%) of non-ethnic respondents had favouable to highly favourable attitudes towards CBFM. Almost similar percentage of respondents from ethnic (13.7%) and non-ethnic (13.6%) categories were found with unfavourable attitudes. The regression results showed that credit received, participation in training supported by the CBFM project and knowledge on forest conservation had significant positive influence on attitudes of both categories of respondents. Though the independent variables namely, duration of involvement with CBFM project and membership in local formal committee (s) had significance influence upon non-ethnic respondents’ attitudes, these variables did not have significant influence upon attitudes of ethic respondents. For sustainable forest management and conservation goals to be achieved, it is vital that local people’s needs and aspirations and their attitudes regarding CBFM should be considered.

Key words: Attitudes, Local people, Community-based forest management, Sal forest, Bangladesh.