African Journal of Parasitology Research

African Journal of Parasitology Research ISSN 2343-6549 Vol. 4 (8), pp. 244-248, October, 2017. © International Scholars Journals

Full Length Research Paper

Eimeria species oocyst morphometry and prevalence of Infection in domesticated pigeon (Columba livia domestica) in Maiduguri Metropolis Borno State, Nigeria

Jonathan Joseph1, 2, Wama Binga Emmanuel 2, Vera Akwa Yafeh 2, Ifeanyi Oscar Ndimkaoha Aguzie3*

1Department of Biology, University of Maiduguri, Borno State, Nigeria.

2Department of Biology, Taraba State University, Taraba State, Nigeria.

3Department of Zoology and Environmental Biology, P.O. Box 3146, University of Nigeria, Nsukka, Enugu State, Nigeria.

Corresponding author's E-mail: ifeanyiaguzie@yahoo.com

Accepted 03 October, 2017

Abstract

Prevalence of Emeria species among domesticated pigeons (Columba livia domestica) in Maiduguri Metropolis was investigated. Floatation method was used to concentrate the coccidian oocysts using saturated sucrose solution. Sporulation technique was used to determine the size and morphological characteristics of the oocysts. Overall, 41 (40.6%) out of a total of 101 faecal samples examined were infected. Four parasite species under the genus Eimeria were isolated namely: E. columbae, E. tropicalis, E. columbarum, and E. labbeana; and at prevalence of 36.6%, 6.9%, 5.9% and 5.9% respectively. The difference in prevalence of the parasite species was significant (χ2 = 76.577, p < 0.0001). Young pigeons were significantly more infected (53.1%) than adults (28.2%) (p < 0.05). E. tropicalis oocysts had the largest size (21.5µm by 20.5µm) followed by E. labbeana oocyst (16.5µm by 15.0µm). E. columbae had the longest sporulation time of 96 hours while E. labbeana had the shortest, 24 hours. This study provides information on the prevalence and veterinary significance of Eimeria oocysts of pigeons in Maiduguri Metropolis.

Keywords: Coccidian, Eimaria labbeana, Eimeria oocyst morphometry, sporulation time.