African Journal of Plant Breeding

African Journal of Plant Breeding ISSN 2375-074X Vol. 3 (1), pp. 148-150, January, 2016. © International Scholars Journals

Full Length Research Paper

Effect of magnetic field on seed germination of Triticum aestivum

Hisham A. Hussein1*, Ahmed Allawi2 and Ayad G. A2

1University of Basrah, College of Agricultural, Crop Field Crops, Basrah, Iraq.

2University of Basrah, College of Education, Department of Physics, Basrah, Iraq.

*Corresponding author. E-mail: hisham.ah1@mail.ocm

Accepted 27 May, 2013

Abstract

Influence of exposure rate of the magnetic 50 mT on germination of Triticum aestivum (wheat) has been studied in the present work. Seeds were magnetically exposed to static magnetic field strength of 50 mT for different time of exposure: 10, 20 and 30 min, respectively. Results showed that the root parameters namely: root growth and dry weight, radicle growth and dry weight, were influenced significantly due to magnetic exposure rate over control. The variable magnetic field of exposure rate (50 mT/30 min) is a very significant factor in influencing the germination process of wheat seeds when compared with the non-treated seeds. It was observed that root length, length of radicle, dry weight of root and dry weight of radicle increased by 18, 12, 0.52 and 43%, respectively.

Key words: Magnetic field, Triticum aestivum, root parameters, germination.