African Journal of Malaria and Tropical Diseases

African Journal of Malaria and Tropical Diseases ISSN 4123-0981 Vol. 3 (6), pp. 167-171, June, 2015.  © International Scholars Journals

Full Length Research Paper

A study of the relationships between ecological factors, endemic diseases and the condition of villagers living in rural area in Baghdad city, Iraq

*1Mohammad A. Dleen, Mahmoud J. Ahmed2 and Barhoomee O. Akram2

1Department of Microbiology, Faculty of Medicine, Iraqi University, Baghdad, Iraq.

2Department of Applied Microbiology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Babylon, Hillah, Iraq.

*Corresponding author. E-mail:dleen001@yahoo.com

Accepted 13 May, 2015

Abstract

Some factors that possibly affect tropical disease distribution was investigated in about 500 randomize human dwellings. The studied factors include wild animals, domestic animals, wild plants, cultivated plants, nature of soil, nature of water, positions of human dwellings, nature of building material and position of animal shelters. The diseases that studied were malaria, Kala-azar (visceral leishmaniasis), cholera, Bilharzias (urinary schistosomiasis), diarrhea, typhoid fever, hydatid cysts, dysentery, jaundice and tuberculosis (TB). The study was conducted in the ruler area near Baghdad city in Taji, Abou-Greeb, Rhadwaniya, Rasheed, Youssifiya, Latifiya, Mahmmodiya, Madaien and Nahrwann districts. It appears that the studied factors have direct and indirect effects on distribution of the diseases.

Key words: Position, human dwellings, animal shelters, Baghdad.