African Journal of Medical Case Reports

African Journal of Medical Case Reports Vol. 2 (3), pp. 024-027, June, 2014. © International Scholars Journals

Case Report

Moderately severe acute pancreatitis: An unusual manifestation of Hepatitis A

A. Ouyahia

University Ferhat Abbas, Faculty of Medicine, Setif, Algeria.

*Corresponding author. E-mail: ouyahiaam@yahoo.fr

Accepted May, 2014

Abstract

Moderately severe acute pancreatitis is a severe form of pancreatitis and is associated with substantial morbidity and mortality. In this case report, a young man had acute viral hepatitis A (HAV) and moderately severe acute pancreatitis together. He was admitted to our hospital with jaundice and abdominal pain. Hepatic and pancreatic enzymes were elevated. Spiral computed imaging revealed imaging features of an acute stage of pancreatitiswith peripancreatic fluid collections. The finding of IgM anti HAV antibodies implicates hepatitis A virus as the cause.He was closely monitored and recovered uneventfully with conservative treatment.In the current literature HAV infections have rarely been reported as a cause of acute pancreatitisand this report serves to alert physicians to the possible developmentof severe pancreatitis during hepatitis A.

Key words: Hepatitis A, moderately severe acute pancreatitis, morbidity, mortality, conservative treatment.