African Journal of Internal Medicine

African Journal of Internal Medicine ISSN 2326-7283 Vol. 5 (5), pp. 422-427, May, 2017. © International Scholars Journals

Full Length Research Paper

Intestinal parasitosis in school age children in Lalitpur District of Nepal

Sarmila Tandukar1, Shamshul Ansari2*, Nabaraj Adhikari3, Anisha Shrestha3, Jyotshana Gautam3, Binita Sharma3, Deepak Rajbhandari4 and Jeevan Bahadur Sherchand1

1Public Health Research Laboratory, Institute of Medicine, Nepal.

2Department of Microbiology, Chitwan Medical College, Bharatpur, Nepal.

3Kantipur College of Medical Science, Sitapaila, Kathmandu, Nepal.

4Kritipur Hospital, Kathmandu, Nepal.

*Corresponding author. E-mail: shamshulansari483@yahoo.com.

Accepted 4 December, 2012

Abstract

Enteric parasites are the most common cause of parasitic diseases, and they cause significant morbidity and mortality, particularly in developing countries like Nepal. This study was conducted to estimate the intestinal parasitic infestations among school children in Lalitpur district of Nepal. A total of 1392 stool samples were collected from school children selected from two governments, two private, one community and one slum school from the same district. The stool samples were examined for evidence of parasitic infections by direct microscopic examination and further confirmed by concentration and flotation methods, for the coccidian parasite modified ZN staining was performed. Prevalence of intestinal parasites was 16.7%. The highest prevalence was seen with Giardia lamblia (7.4%) followed by Entamoeba histolytica (3.4%) and Cyclospora cyantenenis (1.7%). Highest number was seen in male child (17.8%) and the highest prevalence of parasites were seen in age between 11 to 15 years that is, 7.3%, whereas highest prevalence was seen in government school (12.2%). The results designated that intestinal parasitic infestation among school children in the study area is mainly water-borne. The burden of parasitic infestations among the school children, coupled with the poor sanitary conditions in the schools, should be regarded as an issue of public health priority.

Key words: Entamoeba histolytica, Giardia lamblia, Intestinal parasite, Nepal, school children.