African Journal of Environmental Economics and Management

African Journal of Environmental Economics and Management ISSN 2375-0707 Vol. 6 (1), pp. 348-354, January, 2018. © International Scholars Journals

Full Length Research Paper

Effect of depletion of natural resources in sustainable environmental management programmes in Zimbabwe

*Moven Muzenda, Morgan H. Mahachi and Simon Olonga Asante

Department of Physics, Geography and Environmental Science, Great Zimbabwe University, Zimbabwe.

*Corresponding author. E-mail:

Accepted 16 January, 2017


The depletion of natural resources is one of the greatest challenges with far reaching consequences if sustainable environmental management programmes are not properly put into practice in Zimbabwe. The major contending issue, however, is how the exigency of sustainable environmental management can be contextualised in light of the local indigenous knowledge systems. Although literature is abound on the recommended environmental conservation models, it is heavily influenced by western scientific discourses whose perspectives are far removed from the existential realities of local populations. In our observations, Africans were and still conscious of the devastating consequences of the unsustainable utilisation of natural resources, which the Shona people call, zvisikwa. This concept of zvisikwa is constitutive of a deep-seated symbolism whose interpretations and meanings are rooted in the religio-cultural milieu of the locals. Specifically, this study is carried out among the Ndau, a Shona linguistic group in south-eastern Zimbabwe. The traditional utilisation of natural resources is systematic and rational as people acknowledge the ability of land to continue to regenerate itself. It is this perceived paradigm of indigenous knowledge systems that the study embraces as it guarantees the continuity and harmony of the socio-cultural networks that ensure the survival of rural societies.

Key words: Traditional religion, natural resources, indigenous knowledge systems, utilisation and environment.