African Journal of Biology

African Journal of Biology ISSN 2167-0413 Vol. 3 (6), pp. 238-242, June, 2016. © International Scholars Journals

Full Length Research Paper

Prevalence of intestinal helminthiasis among prison inmates in Jos, Nigeria

Ughava J. Robinson1* and Okon P. Edet2

1Department of Zoology, University of Jos, Plateau State, Nigeria.

2Department of Science Laboratory Technology, Nasarawa State Polytechnic, Nigeria.

 E-mail: Robin.ughava@yahoo.com

Accepted 05 April 2016

Abstract

Prison inmates are among the high risk population for dangerous helminthes infections and other contagious diseases. This study was undertaken to determine the prevalence of intestinal helminthiasis among prison inmates in Jos, Plateau State, Nigeria. Fresh stool samples from 300 inmates in Jos central prison were screened for helminthes infections using Formal-ether concentration and Kato-Katz techniques. Of the 300 inmates examined, 27(9.00%) were infected with at least one of the four species of intestinal helminthes isolated: Ascaris lumbricoides (1.91%), Ancylostoma duodenale (2.21%), Schistosoma mansoni (4.18%) and Strongyloides stercoralis (0.33%). Helminthes infection was highest among inmates within age group <20 (16.10%). The prevalence of helminthes infection with respect to various prison units showed that inmates serving jail terms were most parasitized (14.00%). In relation to gender, male had the prevalence of 9.25% while no female inmate was infected with intestinal helminthes. There was no statistical relationship between the prevalence of intestinal helminthiasis (P> 0.05) with respect to age groups and the various prison units. Efforts to promote hygienic practices and health education were highly recommended.

Key words: Intestinal helminthes, prevalence, inmates, hygiene.