African Journal of AIDS and HIV Research

African Journal of AIDS and HIV Research ISSN 2326-2691 Vol. 5 (1), pp. 228-232, January, 2017. © International Scholars Journals

Full Length Research Paper

A study of the prevalence of epilepsy among Sudanese AIDS patients and the underlying causes and types of epilepsy

Abbashar Hussein*,  Amira Sidig and Mohmad Malk Aldar

Faculty of Medicine, University of Khartoum, P. O. Box 102 Khartoum, Sudan.

*Corresponding author. E-mail: abbashar59@yahoo.com. Tel: +2499123456722.

Accepted 22 April, 2009

Abstract

The aim of this study was to describe the prevalence of epilepsy among Sudanese AIDS patients and to study the underlying causes and types of epilepsy. About 700 AIDS patients were included in this cross sectional hospital based study. Almost 5.71% of the patients had epilepsy and 50% of them had generalized convulsion. Encephalitis was found to be the commonest cause of epilepsy followed by meningitis, brain abscess, CNS lymphoma and toxoplasmosis. The EEGs showed abnormal discharge in 28 patients (70%). AIDS is a great mimicker. It can be present in almost any neurological manifestation. Epilepsy is not an uncommon neurological manifestation associated with AIDS.

Key words: AIDS, epilepsy, Sudanese patients.