African Journal of Agriculture and Food Security

African Journal of Agriculture and Food Security ISSN 2375-1177 Vol. 5 (3), pp. 186-192, March, 2017. © International Scholars Journals

Review

Climate change and changing food security risk in Ghana

Dinko Hanaan Dinko

Department of Geography and Resource Development, University of Ghana. 

E-mail: hanaandinko@yahoo.com

Accepted 17 March, 2017

Abstract

Agriculture is the most climate-dependent area of human life. In Sub-Saharan Africa, susceptibility to food insecurity is shaped by multiple stresses climate change. This article reviews literature on impacts of climate change on food security in Ghana. The paper reveals how climate change impacts and can potentially impact on the different shades of food security. It observes that food insecurity risk is amplified by existing spatial inequalities. The paper finds that farmers’ decisions to adapt by changing crops could compel cultures to abandon their traditional foods which were used for certain rites and feasts. Revealing such intricate interconnections provides a framework that can shape policy measures in effective adaptation and resilience. Proactive approaches will undoubtedly prepare communities more thoroughly for the changes to come. Any adaptation strategy should take into consideration the knowledge of local residents and farmers and elicit a grassroots approach instead of a top-down approach.

Keywords: Climate change, risk, food security, Ghana.